Goldfish Series – Types of Goldfish

This part of my Goldfish Series, I’ll be sharing on the different types of goldfish that are available today.

Let’s start…

Goldfish Series - Types of Goldfish

Why so many goldfish variety?


As we all know, goldfish are very popular aquarium and pond fish because of their beautiful colors.

They are considered luck bearers in the Orient, especially China and Japan where they have been bred for a millennia.

As a result of countless breeding and spreading throughout the world, there are SO MANY types of goldfish available in the market today.

There’re even different categories for goldfish such as single-tailed, double-tailed, streamlined bodied and egg-shaped bodied.

Types of Goldfish

In this post, I’ll be sharing some of the more popular types of goldfish beginning with those with an egg-shaped body.

Egg-shaped Goldfish

Fantail Goldfish

One of the hardiest varieties of fancy goldfish, having a relatively short body and short, split caudal fin.

The dorsal fin is held up and in healthy specimens it can reach up to half of the body depth.

Coloration may be solid or calico, depending on the scale formation.

They can be kept in ponds and even with slim-bodied goldfish, but you must make sure they get their share of food.

Ryukin Goldfish

Also a good beginner fish, this variety can be recognized by its pointed head and the broad hump behind it.

Fins may be long or short, but the caudal and dorsal fin is always high and twice as long as the body.

Coloration may be white, orange, red, red-and-white, or calico.

Black Moor Goldfish

Sometimes considered a black variety of the Fantail Goldfish, the Black Moor has long, flowing fins, and similar bodies.

Their main coloration is black with a metallic, velvet look, which may fade with age.

Some strains have developed telescope-like eyes, though not as much as in the Telescope variety.

They are quite hardy and make good beginner fish, which can even be kept in outdoor ponds.

You might also be interested to find out other fishes that are suitable for beginners.

Veil tail Goldfish

A very sensitive variety due to its long fins, it is no fish for beginners.

Its body is very similar to the Ryukin and Fantail, with long, flowing tails.

There are no splits between the tail lobes.

Fins are very susceptible to tear and parasites, so the tank set up has to be carefully planned and water kept very clean.

Veil tail Goldfish cannot be kept in outdoor ponds.

Telescope eye Goldfish

Very similar to the Riukin and Veil tail Goldfish, the Telescope eye variety has very protruding eyes, resembling telescopic lenses.

This makes them very vulnerable to sharp objects and also limits their eyesight.

Due to limited eyesight, they will not compete well for food, so it’s not recommended to keep them with faster, slim-bodied goldfish.

They are more sensitive than the Riukin, but hardier than Veil tails, so they make suitable fish for intermediate keepers.

They come in red, white, lavender, blue, black, chocolate, mixes of two colors, or calico.

Lionhead Goldfish

This variety got its name from the raspberry-like fleshy hood on their head.

This growth has to keep stiff and not allowed to drop.

They are very slow swimmers as they lack a dorsal fin, so they should only be kept with other slow-swimming varieties.

They are very sensitive and shouldn’t be kept in ponds.

Not recommended for beginners.

Oranda Goldfish

The Oranda is very similar to the Lionhead, due to the similar fleshy hood (wen) on their heads.

They have double caudal and anal fins and a high dorsal fin.

Their body shape resembles that of the Fantail variety and the most frequent coloration is white, with a red wen.

They may also display calico colorations.

Beginners shouldn’t keep these slow swimmers.

Celestial Goldfish

The main features of these fish, also called Stargazers in China, are their eyes, which are locked upwards.

Because of this, they have very limited eyesight and will not compete well for food.

Also, they lack a dorsal fin and are very slow swimmers.

This is why they should only be kept by advanced aquarists and only with other Celestials in the tank.

Coloration may vary.

Bubble Eye Goldfish

Also known as Suihogan in Japan, this variety has sensitive fluid filled sacks under their eyes, which cause their eyes to look upwards, just as in the Celestial variety.

These sacks and the lack of dorsal fins make them terrible swimmers and cannot handle any type of current, so you may want to use a very gentle filter.

The eye sacks are very sensitive to sharp objects and rough substrate, thus use a very fine sand and only decorations with rounded edges.

This variety is only recommended for expert aquarists.

Slim-bodied Goldfish

Comet Goldfish

The Comet got its name from the long, deeply-forked tail, which can get as long as the fish’s body and resembles the tail of a comet.

They are a pretty hardy fish, with stiff fins and high tolerance for lower temperatures, which makes them suitable pond fish, and can be kept by beginner aquarists.

The Comet Goldfish are fast swimmers.

Shunbunkin Goldfish

Their main feature is the calico coloration with blue spots.

The bluer they are, the more valuable they are considered.

They are also very hardy and suitable for beginners.

The Shunbunkin are fast swimmers, which can be kept in ponds.

Common Goldfish

The Common Goldfish have smooth, compact bodies, resembling their ancestors (carps) with forked tails and long-based dorsal fins.

They are the most hardy of all goldfish and tolerate slightly polluted water better than the other varieties.

Albeit, don’t neglect water quality.

They can get up to one foot long, so they need plenty of swimming space.

Ideal fish for beginners.

Which type of goldfish do you prefer?

Refer to this guide whenever you think of getting a goldfish, and choose the one that you like most, and suits your experience level.

Also, share with us which type is your favorite by commenting below.

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