Fairy Wrasse Care and Breeding Guide

The Fairy Wrasse is among the most beautiful marine water fish currently popular in the aquarium hobby. It exhibits vibrant colors with exciting striking patterns that make it look so amazing! Fairy Wrasse fish are relatively peaceful and are not known to be provocative to other fish but may bully other small and docile fish. The fish is usually active when put in an aquarium and will exhibit interesting behaviors with gallant personalities. In the wild the fish is known to live in large fish shoals where they feed together as a group. Basically, in the large fish schools the females usually outnumber the males. It is not unusual though to find individual fish hunting for its own food at times.

It is best to place the fish in a tank that has only its species or other fish species that are belligerent. If they feel threatened they tend to hide away for long periods. They may even stop feeding and starve to death. This is why it is best to be very careful when you need to keep the fish with other tank mates. The fish will also live harmoniously with coral reef and therefore you will not have to worry them feeding on your corals.

Appearance of Fairy Wrasse

Fairy Wrasse

The Fairy Wrasse are generally beautiful in appearance reason for some aquarists preferring to keep them in their aquariums. The males are usually larger than the females and also a little brightly colored in appearance compared to the females. There are times when the male can change its usual coloration and patterns when trying to woo a female or warning other males. A keen look into the eyes of the wrasse and you will notice that it has got an unusual eye with the cornea split into distinctive parts. Some experts claim that the center of the cornea helps the fish to be able to see even very small prey.


The Fairy Wrasse is a marine water fish that is originally known to occupy coastal reef habitats where there is coral rubble substrate. This fish is known to hang over small coral mounds or soft corals where they can easily hide when they detect danger. There are still some species of the fish that are found even in clean oceanic reefs where they can be found on the hunt for small foods including invertebrates.

Tank Requirements

Keeping this fish is not a difficult task and an experienced aquarists or even a beginner can keep this fish in a home aquarium. The bottom line however if you want to succeed rearing fish in an aquarium setting is to maintain high standards of hygiene. There are other standards that you also need to keep in order not to lose your fish. To find out more about the basic tank requirements for the Fairy Wrasse keep reading below:

Tank Cover Needed

Ensure that you cover your tank well because the fish are great jumpers and may jump out of the aquarium when they feel threatened. When choosing a lid ensure that it one that is well ventilated to still allow in air but not large enough for them to pass through. Here’s one that you can get on Amazon.

Large Tank Needed

The water in the tank must be salty water because it is a marine fish. When choosing a tank for the fish ensure that the tank is spacious enough because the fish are known to be very active swimmers. The fact that they like to live in groups also make it imperative for you to provide a large tank. Remember keeping the fish alone may lead to its depression and ultimate death! The minimum tank capacity for this fish ideally should be about 100 gallons up.

Tank Décor and Water Quality

You can provide live rocks in the tank with cave-like structures where they can hide when they feel they need to. Ensure that the tank has open spaces for the fish to move about in. For the tank water conditions the pH should be at least 8.0 to 8.4. The temperature range should be 72 to 78°F. The water hardness may be dKH 8-12. It is best to keep the water quality of the tank as the fish do well in tanks that are well taken care of.

Don’t place two males of the same fish in the same tank if you notice two dominant males in the same tank, it is better to separate them. It is best to place one male with several females in one tank.


The fish is a carnivorous and is an active hunter who will not sit back and wait to be fed but rather walk around looking for food. One amazing fact with the fish is that it is very easy to feed and will readily eat even fish food pellets that it is offered. When the fish is still new in the tank it is highly recommended that they be fed brine that is enriched. When the fish slowly start to get used to living in captivity then can mysis or plankton be introduced to them and they will graciously feed.

You can then slowly start the weaning process with your new fish and introduce other kinds of food such as frozen food or flake foods that you can find in pet mats. Remember that patience is necessary when you are introducing these foods to your fish.


Fairy Wrasse is a peculiar fish when it comes to breeding as there have been no juvenile males found even in the wild! It is the female fish that is dominant that will change into a male in a group of the fish. In order to encourage breeding of these fish, it is best to have just single male with many females in a harem. Putting many males in a single harem usually leads to fights between the males. These types of fights are usually not beneficial to the whole fish harem. Not much has been documented about aquarium breeding of this fish perhaps this is something that is best to be left to the experts.

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